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TEST YOUR ENGLISH! Irregular Past Participles

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Do we say "I have catched a cold" or, "I have caught a cold"? From present simple to present perfect, how do you know which past participle to use? Wait a minute. Use a PAST participle with the present perfect? Yes! In fact, there are two types of irregular past participles, and in this lesson, I will teach you when to use them. Be sure to complete the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/irregular-past-participles/ to confirm your understanding. Study and download a list of the most common irregular verbs in English here: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/common-irregular-verbs-grouped/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. I'm Gill at www.engvid.com, and today's lesson is on irregular past tenses. Okay? And in particular: "Irregular Past Participles"-okay?-of irregular verbs. So, let me just show you some examples to make it clearer what I mean. Okay. So what we're doing, we're looking at three different tenses to show how the verb changes, so the present simple of the verb, then the past simple, and then when we use the present perfect that's when you have to use the past participle. And what happens is sometimes it's the same for both the past simple and the present perfect, but with other verbs it's different. So I just have two examples here to show you, one verb where it's the same and one verb where it's different just to illustrate. And then in the second part of the lesson we will have a list of two separate sets of verbs, and I will test you on your knowledge of the past participles of those and they're listed under "same" and "different" just to clarify which ones stay the same, which ones are different. Okay. So let's have a look at some examples, and then it should all become clearer. So, first of all, this is the present simple: "I catch a cold every winter." Every winter, achoo, I'm sneezing. Oh, terrible, every winter I catch a cold. So for something that happens regularly, that is one way that we use the present simple when something happens regularly. Every, every winter I catch a cold, so the verb is "to catch", okay? So then if we put it into the past tense, the past simple and we say: "Last month... I caught a cold last month." Okay? So: "caught" is the irregular past simple form of the verb "to catch". "I caught a cold last month." I caught a cold last month, but I'm much better now. That sort of idea. Okay. So then the third example here is using the present perfect which involves using this word: "have" as an auxiliary, as an extra verb. So: "I have caught another cold!" Oh dear, I only had a cold... I caught a cold last month, and now I have caught another cold. That's one cold after another. So this is in the more recent past, the present perfect using "have": "I have caught another cold." Meaning just recently. So you can see here that "caught" stays the same, it's the same. So it's an example where the past simple and the present perfect stay the same, but let's have a look now at an example where there's a change and where they're different. Okay? So, back to the present simple again and the verb is "to write", which is an irregular verb, so: "I write to my cousin once a year." I have a cousin who is not on email, and it makes it rather inconvenient to keep in touch with her, so writing letters and putting them in the post I find a terrible job these days. I'm so used to using email for everybody, but I have a cousin who's not on email and she will not have a computer. So I have to write a letter to her. "I write to my cousin once a year." Okay? So, again, that's using the present simple for a regular action. Once a year is the regular action, I write. Okay, so then if we move to the past simple: "Last week... I wrote to my cousin last week." So that's the past simple. So, the form there for the past simple is "wrote", from "write" to "wrote", but then if we use the present perfect using the auxiliary "have": "Today... I have written to my cousin today." So recent past, it's a completed action. "I have written". Thank goodness I've got that letter written and posted, and it's gone now, so that's a job done for the year. So: "I have written", so you can see there that this form is not the same. They're the same here: "I caught", "I have caught", but with "write": "I wrote", "I have written to my cousin today." So you can see how past simple and present perfect with different verbs, sometimes they stay the same, other times they're different. Okay. So let's move on to the second part of the lesson, and we'll have a look at two lists of verbs, and I will test you on your knowledge of the past participles. Okay, so let's have a look at these which are the verbs which stay the same in the past simple and the present perfect, and I will just write that form in, but just to give you an opportunity first to think what it is. So: "to send", I send in the present.
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Text Comments (187)
Chandni Khatoon (2 days ago)
Ur r 2 nice
Élysée Pasteur (5 days ago)
Hi Gill! As usual your obvious lesson is so effective and informative! I have just found the letter i with ai sound often comes to o or ou in the past tense. Congrégations! Keep it up!
Hugola fan club (14 days ago)
you are the best teacher in the world
Rozemberg Barbosa (15 days ago)
Thank You 😘
Mowgli (20 days ago)
Excellent lesson! Thank you!
MJ AM (21 days ago)
You are the best teacher 👨‍🎓👩‍🎓👨‍🏫
Luke R. (22 days ago)
Man, English is such a convoluted language, I feel for those who must learn it as not their first.
Taher elsayed (26 days ago)
you.re very good teacher. i hope you good health
Soraya Sheikerz (1 month ago)
Thanks for your sharing. As very good teacher. Thanks again.
RAFIQUL ISLAM (1 month ago)
So amazed to see you teach. I'm really fascinated by convincing teaching.
Valeria Villalobos (1 month ago)
Great lesson!! Loved it!
Ruth Vasconcelos (1 month ago)
banouri lamjed (1 month ago)
is ring means call someone
Yes, you can ring someone (on the phone). The verb 'to ring' also means to make a ringing sound, eg I heard the doorbell ringing.
Julien Décarie (2 months ago)
Noice mate
Juan Monroy (2 months ago)
Hello dear teacher, this lesson has been pretty important for me, I know some irregular verbs, but in this lesson I have learned how to pronounce some of them. Thanks and regards.
Jaroon Sukk (2 months ago)
Thank you very much for me
j18grecco (3 months ago)
Gaby Garcia (4 months ago)
Hello teacher! With all respect, I have been searching videos about this topic and your video is the BEST! I was trying to answer and everytime you looked at the camera and the tips about the pronunciation, made me feel as If I was there with you, or you with me at home, very nice. Now I follow you. I wish I had a teacher like you :) Thank you! Regards from México :D
Victor Moreno (4 months ago)
Gill.. your clases make me happy :)
red horizon (4 months ago)
hmmm i have caught a cold but it doesnt really change anything right?
Ashfaq Hussain (4 months ago)
Past participle of have
Ravi Ghai (5 months ago)
God Bless you !
James Sillas (5 months ago)
I real understand this English instructor. She teaches nicely
Evelyn Carola Giunta (5 months ago)
I love the way you teach Mrs. Gill. Thank you so much. Blessings.
Joanna Julke (5 months ago)
Thank you for calm voice, thanks
Brian Jones (5 months ago)
Yay I got them all right! I'm English but still makes me happg
Susi Sg (5 months ago)
Thank you for your lessons.
Julian Schecter (5 months ago)
Another fantastic video, Ms. Gill! Please keep them coming! :)
Me Raz (5 months ago)
to keep in tuch with her . he is not in email . !!!!! him or her !!!!! 4:30 to 5:00
edyta marlena (5 months ago)
Good Teacher:) Thank You
TheSamuelangra (5 months ago)
The great Gill again! A big hug from Brazil! Excellent lesson!
que señora tan agradable
الطاهر موسى (5 months ago)
From darfur,t Thank you
Jeffrey Miranda (5 months ago)
Hello from Costa Rica, Jill. I just wanted to greet you and thank you. You've made one of my classes much better with one of your explanations as I didn't know what to do. Thank you very much!
Gugu Mgugisto Dlamini (6 months ago)
I like the slowness dear...your lesson is perfection I love it....easy to understand
Îbŕähīmőv_ ă.h.ă (6 months ago)
I'm interesting for this teaching thank you very much
Natalia Natasha (7 months ago)
the best!!!!!
Amreen Toor (7 months ago)
This helped a lot.Thanks🙂
One Pablo68 (7 months ago)
Thank you so much teacher Gill. Your lessons are very interesting and worthwhile. Greetings from two Italian students.
Nadia Mustapha (7 months ago)
Thanks a lot teatcher.Please could you help us to know when do excactly prounouce "s" as s or z when it is between two vowels.thanks a lot again.
Cla Ro (7 months ago)
it's always so nice to attend your classes. Thanks a lot for your work.
DZelbah Nijmb (8 months ago)
Omar Hallak (8 months ago)
i am algeriane i love your video ,and i want to learn your english
Ssss Ssss (8 months ago)
Mailson Wei (8 months ago)
Thank you teacher Gill
Atronah chanel (8 months ago)
Very helpful, thanks a lot !)
Francis Campani (9 months ago)
I really like your videos! Thank you!
miru ethio (9 months ago)
Thanks you are good teaching it is halping full for me thanks see again
Rahma abdalla (9 months ago)
Thank you very much
Rahma abdalla (9 months ago)
Thank you very much
Gabriel Produções (9 months ago)
I am a brazilian and i love your video.Thank you!
vinicius cuin (9 months ago)
Nice to meet you, teacher Gil. I'm from Brazil, and I'm learning English through www.engvid.com. I was happy to understand everything you said ... very grateful!
ahmed shuaib (9 months ago)
this is wonderful lesson
Andom Bahta (9 months ago)
Wawwww I like you.and I love you my mama.really you are charmingfull I hope learn usually with you and I wish know alot of from you. so thank you very much.for Eritrea
Laylah Faisal (9 months ago)
You are really intelligent and polite.
Mbangutsi Manowa (9 months ago)
I love British accent
Kafui Abalo (9 months ago)
Thank you
Kafui Abalo (9 months ago)
Thank you
Chikbouaoune Bouaoune (6 months ago)
very very very good method meci
Celso Rodrigues (10 months ago)
I love your classes on youTube. Brilhant teacher.
joel Santos (10 months ago)
Excellent Gill
mais oui c'est Jeanne (10 months ago)
Several native speakers I know still wrongly say "I have gave it you" or "It is broke"
eddahbi eddahbi (10 months ago)
Thank you dear teacher
junio zuni (10 months ago)
Hello Gll, before everything, my best wishes for 2018, The tenses are very clear, here in our contest , especially in Spanish parlants, the use of present perfect it is not used so frequently, but I have very clear that it is important, in which contest must be used correctly. Thanking in advance.
Jonathas Cosme (10 months ago)
thanks teacher Gill!
Martin Albers (10 months ago)
She spake beautifully! 😊
efrain villalobos (8 months ago)
She speaks ....
Paulo Ferreira (10 months ago)
Thank you Gill. Greetings from Brazil
Rouha Nawaz (10 months ago)
One of the best Teachers I have ever had . Love from Europe ⚘
Hamad Mousa (10 months ago)
I know English quite well, but i watch these videos because of that lovely lady❤
Ghita Lah (11 months ago)
Thank you teacher
Thanks so much Gill, I had forgotten this rules!!
Maaha Ahmed (11 months ago)
Thank you it was very helpful 😘
abdou guevara (11 months ago)
Lady Gill you are an amazing professor.your classes are incredibly great. i'm always hoping you make more intersesting videos.i wish you live all Noah 's years.
Skille (11 months ago)
I Like it This video's good ,learn speak English British with this teacher
Skille (11 months ago)
You're one great teacher I'm new subscriber there in your channel
It’s always good to review the essentials. Nice one, Gill!
maria yosef (11 months ago)
Teacher to teacher.Very nice!
Ich sehe dich! :D (11 months ago)
You are nice :)
Moutaz Alrayes (11 months ago)
You are wonderful teacher.
Ruhul Amin (11 months ago)
thank you
Diễm Trần (11 months ago)
Dear Gill! You are my favourite English teacher. I hope you always healthy. And have much more lessons. Best wishes!
ufewl (11 months ago)
Is catch the plural of cat? - Sorry for my bad English, I am how you say, "taking the piss".
jayjaykay111 (5 months ago)
ufewl catch is a word that means obtain. You can think of it as “to have, especially after getting” for example, Be careful not to catch a cold (flu) = Be careful not to get the flu
Diane Nagayi (11 months ago)
Yasir Yagoub (11 months ago)
Thank you so much it's useful
nermen bh (11 months ago)
I love you
Learn English TV (11 months ago)
Thank you teacher Gill
Maha Ibrahim (11 months ago)
It is very helpful thank you miss .
Lucia Scannicchio (1 year ago)
Good evening Gill! My name is Lucy I am watching now your video about simple, past simple and past participle sentence. I have a question to ask you what is the different between and when I can use the participle simple and past participle sentence,... I sleep, I slept and I have sleep or slept? Which one is the best sentence to use past simple or past participle? Would you candly explain between past simple and past participle? I am get confusing. Thank you for your excellent teaching. You are amazing teacher. Wish be many teacher as you. Please continue with your amazing English lessons. We all people are very happy to see you to teaching us English language. You have a talent to be fantastic and excellent teacher. Looking forward to receive your reply back. Thank you Gill!
Lucia Scannicchio (11 months ago)
Learn English with Gill (engVid) Good afternoon Gill thanks a lot for your very quick response. You are the best teacher I ever mate.
Hi Lucia -- thank you for your kind words :-) English verb tenses are very complicated to explain, but here is a link which contains explanations and exercises. I hope you find it helpful! All the best with your English studies! https://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbtenseintro.html
Nooruddin Memon (1 year ago)
Thank you so much
I like your lessons, i can learn more every day thank you so much .
Boshka-art. (1 year ago)
Love your lessons))) and the way you pronouncing words )) it’s very helpful)))
hi Gill!! could you made a class with the differents verb tenses? thank you
Power Marketing (1 year ago)
hello teacher thank you IM abreham tamiru im from ethiopia
Dolors Cirera (1 year ago)
You're a master madam, all the best for you gill: keep up a good work,
My English experience (1 year ago)
A real teacher 👌
Jasmine Hidalgo (1 year ago)
Good teacher, thank you
Daniel's Talks (1 year ago)
Adil Saifi (1 year ago)
Thank you so much gill
Ivanilda Gomes (1 year ago)
Excelent vídeo! Muito obrigada por nos ajudar!
saif Alsamarrai (1 year ago)
Thank you very much mz. Gill .
Oleg Baiburin (1 year ago)

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