Follow the comical love life of Miss Johnson and give students a revision on the past simple tense with regular and irregular verbs.
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Title of English / ESL Video:
The Life of Miss Johnson
Target English Grammar:
Past Simple Tense (also known as the simple past tense) – regular verbs, irregular verbs, past simple be – was/were.
Student Proficiency Level:
– Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
Summary of English Grammar: Past Simple Tense – Regular and Irregular Verbs and Was/Were
Approximate chronological order:
– Starts: 0:00
– Ends: 2:16
Grammar Rules and Explanation:
– Starts: 2:16
– Ends: 8:17
For most regular verbs, we add +ed.
Example: walk – walked
Example sentence: Miss Johnson walked to the park for a stroll.
Verbs ending with -e:
For verbs ending with -e, we add +d.
Example: die – died
Example sentence: She was hit by a truck and died.
die, died - verbs
dead - adjective
Verbs ending with consonant + y:
For verbs ending with consonant + y, we delete -y, and add +ied.
Example: marry – married
Example sentence: Miss Moore married Dave.
NOTE: Married in this sentence is a verb.
They fell in love and got married.
Married in this sentence, however, is not a verb. It’s actually an adjective. Got is the main verb.
Verbs ending vowel + y:
For verbs ending with vowel + y, we don’t delete -y, we just add +ed.
Example: stay – stayed
Example sentence: They stayed at a romantic 1 star hotel.
Verbs ending with vowel, consonant and vowel:
For verbs ending with vowel, consonant and vowel, we double the consonant and add +ed.
Example: travel – travelled
Example sentence: They travelled overseas.
NOTE: In American English, the past simple tense of travel is traveled, spelt with one l. So American English often doesn’t follow this rule.
Even in other types of English, this rule isn’t always followed.
Example: visit – visited.
Example sentence: They visited many beautiful places.
For irregular verbs, there are no rules, so we just have to remember them all.
go – went
meet – met
fall – fell
have – had
break – broke
see – saw
get – got
give – gave
Example sentence: One day, Miss Johnson went shopping at the supermarket and met Mr. Smith.
Past Simple – be: was/were
am – was
is – was
are – were
Example sentence: Miss Johnson was on the bus.
Grammar Form / Structure:
Affirmative and Negative Sentence Form:
To change positive past simple tense sentences into the negative, we add didn’t in front of the main verb and change the main verb into the base form.
Did is the past tense of do. We don’t put two past simple verbs in the same past simple clause, so this is why we need to change the main verb into the base form.
Example: went – didn’t go
NOT: didn’t went
Miss Johnson went shopping at the supermarket.
Miss Johnson didn’t go shopping at the supermarket.
Affirmative and Negative Sentence Form: Past Simple be – was/were
was – wasn’t
were – weren’t
Wasn’t is the contraction of was not.
Weren’t is the contraction of were not.
Mr. Jones was very sad.
Mr. Jones wasn’t very sad.
I really LOVE this video except for two tiny points. I think we often put two verbs together in continuous and perfect tenses. Also, when there are two syllables or more, we only double the final consonant before the ed if that syllable is stressed. For visit, we stress vis, so we don't double visited. Both the British and American versions of traveled are correct because British people stress the vel more than Americans do. Students shouldn't have to memorize long lists of which verbs double the final consonant before the ed.
Hi Rodrigo, thanks for your question. When we said "we don't put two verbs together", we meant two "main verbs". In your examples, "am" and "have" are auxiliary verbs or helping verbs. I hope this helps. Cheers!
+UserRing.com This is a beginner level video. The need for time frames is only explained in higher levels when the present simple is compared against other grammar structures, such as the present perfect.
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